Is 100% self employment either realistic or desirable?

John J. Alquist informs us that “the Industrial Revolution is dead and the 20th Century is ancient history. These changes spawn a whole new world of nearly universal self-employment, serving global markets.” Alquist is a public speaker who seeks a variety of audiences, including network marketing/MLM groups, among others. Perhaps universal self employment is, among other things, a pyramid scheme.

Bonnie Erbe equates the freelance economy, freewheeling as it is along the highway to universal self employment, to basic economic insecurity, as do I.

David Ellerman defines capitalism as “production organized on the basis of the employer-employee relationship,” with the alternative to this system being “a private property market economy where everyone is self-employed (individually or jointly) in their workplace.” At first glance, it looks to me as though selling oneself to one or more employers as a prerequisite to solvency and independent survival is replaced by selling oneself to one or more customers. The necessity of selling remains a sort of sword of Damocles; the wolf is still at the door. One clear advantage of self employment over employment employment is that the full time employer employer is usually a sort of monopsony, or sole buyer of a person’s labor. With monopsony comes market power, which, like any kind of power, corrupts. One advantage of employment employment over self employment, to me, is that one act of selling oneself gets days, weeks, months, maybe years of employment, whereas self employment may require selling, schmoozing and networking as much as 24/7 for life. Self employment is also monopsony for the entrepreneur with only one customer. This is typically the case when one is “self employed on paper,” basically a de facto employee receiving a 1099 instead of a W-2. Replacing employment employment with self employment seems to me at best an even trade, and perhaps a baptism by fire or worse for shy folk such as myself. Ellerman explains that the type of universal self employment described here entails labor hiring capital. Hopefully this means that labor is less on the defensive; no longer having constantly to prove its worth, compete over every opportunity, no matter how small, and in general, be expendable.

expendability

Anagorism, of course, seeks an alternative to property and markets, not just to employers and employees. How to implement an alternative to market employment? One tool I envision is One Big Database for matching people to “jobs.” One science fiction implementation is “Divlab” in Ursula LeGuin’s novel The Dispossessed. The key element to such a scheme, as I see it, is transparency. The most odious burden the status quo labor market places on me is the necessity of networking, or maintaining the type of social contacts to know where at least some of the “unadvertised” openings are. The statist approach, of course, would be to require public posting of all vacancies. A dual power approach might start with the approach of acknowledging that for now, information about available jobs is insider information, but instead of seeking to become an insider through networking, seek to expose the information through crowdsourcing. If One Big Database can’t be created, at least a sort of distributed database should be possible; hopefully indexing a larger fraction of the labor market than proprietary engines such as monster.com, which makes people jump through countless hoops of saying “no, thank you” to for-profit “universities” in exchange for access to mostly low-value information.

I’m not sure what might be the ultimate goal of anagorism when it comes to matters of employment or alternatives to it. Sufficiently cheap technologies of automated manufacturing might mean total economic self-sufficiency for each individual, without the interdependence which necessitates push-and-shove venues such as trading in the market economy. High-tech modification of the humyn form might result in people getting by with physical inputs small enough to allow being self-supporting even on Mechanical Turk wages. Perhaps we will settle for a soft anagorism in which the market still operates, but more humanely, perhaps through extreme transparency, or better yet, partial satisfaction of needs through non-market activity.

About n8chz

पृथ्वी की उच्च किराया जिले में उद्यमिता कौशल अभाव
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6 Responses to Is 100% self employment either realistic or desirable?

  1. Derek says:

    I assert that universal self-employment is both desirable and realistic. In the proper institutional environment it would go a long way toward eliminating precarity and economic insecurity. Coupled with mutualist proposals to eliminate artificial property rights we can expect the significance of the market economy to fall and that of household and peer economies to rise. Self-employment may result in working longer but if people are able to find joyful work then we need not worry so much about this. Overall, though, I think working hours will fall, especially in the market economy (e.g., 20 hour work weeks). In my own approach to mutualism I view markets as simply useful tools and nothing to be glorified in and of themselves. I think they will be necessary for coordinating economic activity for the foreseeable future but if they eventually become obsolete then so be it. I’m not sure if this makes me an anagorist or not.

    • n8chz says:

      I’m not sure either. I’m still fleshing it out. You seem partial to mutualism, which accepts markets and at least partially rejects property. I think self employment as it is currently understood is about going into business for oneself (i.e. becoming a capitalist) and “making one’s own breaks” (accepting a high level of risk) is something that cannot work for everyone (cannot be universal) and cannot realistically replace the J.O.B. as the main source of income for most people, at least not without strong enough labor demand to support full employment.

      Come to think of it, if you “view markets as simply useful tools and nothing to be glorified in and of themselves,” you’re probably a soft anagorist.

  2. js says:

    VERY interesting blog you have here. Keep it up.

    By the way where do you think worker owned workplaces might fit into this? I think if anything they might be the best solution. In contrast to both capitalist owned work places and individualistic self-employment.

    • n8chz says:

      Individualist employment makes one a capitalist; thereby advancing capitalism. Worker ownership can mean various things, some more problematic than others. Employee stock ownership is often promoted by employers for reasons I think have to do with getting workers to think of themselves as having a vested interest in the company; and perhaps more importantly to think of themselves as more as investors and less as workers.

      I think “worker owned” places too much emphasis on ownership (and the idea that ownership has its privileges). More emphasis needs to be placed on “worker controlled” interests. To this end, worker ownership at less than 51% is meaningless. Also, any meaningful commitment to equality would have to mean either scrapping either the “one share one vote,” or transferrability of shares.

    • Derek says:

      Just to be clear, I was using the term self-employment in a broader sense. Self-employment means the absence of the employer-employee relationship and can be both individual or collective. So self-employment includes democratic firms, or worker co-operatives. This is how David Ellerman has used the term anyway. I expect most work to take place collectively in worker co-operatives.

  3. Pingback: In pursuit of a nonbusiness model | In defense of anagorism

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