Part of the problem is that at some point the hype machine made a regular meme campaign of using the words innovation and entrepreneurship interchangeably. I can only assume that the goal of this aggressive framing is to create a social consensus that unmonetized innovation doesn’t count. Maybe it’s Team Capitalism’s response to those of us in the Tesla-was-more-of-an-innovator-than-Edison camp. Because entrepreneurship is a very competitive winner-take-all arena of combat, and because history is written by the winners, all our stories about innovation are in hindsight, about the one in ten startups that don’t fail, and the structure and format of these stories has become very predictable and cliche, to the point that they’re telling the same story over and over. Basically the stock news story that has come to be called “entrepreneurship porn,” like inspiration porn, except about entrepreneurship/innovation (again framed as being two words for the same thing) instead of disability. One can make a regular drinking game around instances of entrepreneurship porn appearing in a news broadcast and the enterprise in question turns out to be cupcakes.
Please see this discussion between Isabella DiMichelis and Evgeny Morozov, moderated by Maria Mazzucato.
I’m concerned less with the right to monetize than the option of not monetizing. I miss the days when many Internet participants chose not to monetize. That pretty much got lost in the aftermath of the 2008 crash, DIY hacker ethos died and FYPM (fuck you, pay me) ethos took its place. Now everyone is a mercenary, very careful to avoid “working for free,” and all content is monetized, and all monetization gimmicks are very cynical and rely on some gotcha placement of a toll booth, but also of course rely on Digital Restrictions Management, which means the end of general purpose computing.
Isabella DiMichelis points out that:
- Can’t have innovation without data.
- Can’t have a lot of data without consumers being engaged.
- Can’t have a lot of data with too much privacy.
There are too few innovation opportunities because data flows from individuals to businesses and not the other way. This is by design. Websites and mobile apps are very intentionally designed to transmit signal (such as empirical and often actionable observations of individual behavior) in one direction and noise (basically bloat) in the other.
Consumers may or may not be engaged, but are stuck in a passive rather than active role in use of data because the data they generate are not for their own use, and are not available to them in a usable, machine-readable form.
Privacy is a lost cause anyway. The issue now is information asymmetry, namely those one-way informational valves that send signal one way and noise the other.
- We can change way users perceive their value
- We are not calling for change in how data exchange is implemented
- Individuals are suppliers, not just consumers
- Individuals need to know the value of the data they supply, but this is not transparent
- The intent is to have new services for the consumer, new wealth for society, new innovation, etc.
- The means by which this is monetized is artificial scarcity (well, no shit, Sherlock)
This is where I very much disagree.
I am very much calling for change in how data exchange is implemented. The systems for this need to be replaced with nonproprietary systems. If the businesses will not go along with this, noncommercial alternatives must be created, or the interfaces with those businesses must be reverse engineered. Individuals need to bear in mind that they are suppliers of information, but also need to feel empowered to make creative use of the data they (and perhaps others) generate. There seems to be an assumption that the innovation takes place in the businesses, and that whatever innovations they create with it are proprietary, and that the consumer public are passive consumers of these innovations and products, and of course also compensated for their informational contribution to them, but I think DiMichelis is possibly underestimating the consumers’ potential intellectual contribution to this innovation. More than ownership of their data (which is an artificial construct, anyway), consumers should get access to their data. The reason why the transparency needed for individuals to know the value of their data does not exist is because the way the data exchange is implemented is proprietary. If the data does have exchange value, as DiMichelis points out, that would be due to artificial scarcity, which is another house of cards for the legal system to prop up. It’s certainly telling that DiMichelis uses (time index 41:34) the copyright lobby as one of the agencies of collective bargaining in place in the European Union. She seems to think that, between Google, Uber, Amazon and Apple, a consumer can decide to make their data available to zero, one, two, three or all four. But if you made your data available to one of those entities, how would you know they didn’t share it with one of the other ones? How would the consumer (or the legal system) enforce this exclusivity?
Morozov, in contrast, wants institutions that communicate to consumers in a language other than that of the marketplace. That is more my speed. He believes we can design non-market forms of cooperation and collaboration.
Lest I take sides, DiMichelis, to her credit, sees user passivity to be a problem and sees this as due to too few interoperability standards (none, really, for mobile apps) and too much vendor lock-in.
Apparently a hospital sold its data to Google in exchange for digitization of the same data, basically for data entry. This is all kinds of problematic. Data entry labor has cheapened to Amazon Turk levels. The service offered by Google is of low value. One might argue that hospital data is of a very personal nature and therefore protection of personal privacy is of utmost importance, so getting data digitization on the cheap could be a grievous error. This brings us to some of the problems in how the privacy issue is framed today. Nobody expects today’s privacy policies to protect confidentiality of personal data. That is correctly assumed by most to be a lost cause. It is assumed that the more reputable firms will safeguard against acquisition of personal data by cybercriminals, and successfully preventing data breaches could be considered a good outcome. People click “agree” resigned to the reality that the non-criminal uses to which the data will be put will aid the development of proprietary technologies, of asymmetric informational advantages in the marketplace (personalized prices calibrated to individuals’ “price points” or even “pain points”), or of manipulative simulacra such as filter bubbles. Donating the data to the public domain, to a data commons, would almost certainly do more for “innovation,” if nothing else because innovators are free to explore data without worrying whether they’re trespassing on someone’s intellectual property. The lowered costs due to free-as-in-beer data access couldn’t hurt, either, as well as opportunities to collaborate, not just compete, in the pursuit of novel applications of data.
One thing that is urgently needed is a nonproprietary, noncommercial implementation of trust metrics. The fact that the first reasonably good solutions to this problem have been proprietary is perhaps the largest threat to the hacker ethos, but hopefully not the final nail in its coffin. For a collaborative data commons to be possible:
- Consumers must be able to contribute data to the commons without exposing themselves to criminal behavior.
- Consumers must also get something of value in return for actionable data.
I propose that the assurances for each of these two concerns come from the nonproprietary nature of the data commons itself. To make data available to the public at large includes criminals. There’s no way around that, but hopefully in a highly transparent informational matrix it will be very difficult, almost impossible, to commit crimes undetected. Surveillance camera footage might or might not be watched by the guard in the guard shack, while sousveillance camera footage (where the camera is basically an open-access webcam) might or might not be watched by any number of people anywhere in the world. The idea here is applying the idea of sousveillance to many different forms of data; not just video.
By actionable data above I mean, broadly speaking, business intelligence. Particularly, I mean capacity to solve valuation problems, or recognize merchandise as overpriced or underpriced. If you’re using an app to guide you to what are touted as the most competitive supermarket prices or gasoline prices or something, I’m pretty sure you’re giving more than you’re getting when it comes to actionable data. A healthy data commons offers a marketplace in which price arbitrage makes less of a difference, where price discovery happens a lot faster, and where the “law of one price” is a much more accurate model. All cards face up on the table means you don’t get to play your cards close to the vest, but neither do your competitors. I suppose that is a nightmare scenario to those who think of shopping as a competitive sport. I’m kind of hoping they’re in the minority.
The problem with both of these arguments is that to have the relevant assurances to offer, the data commons must already be in place, so it will be a challenge to recruit some number of people to contribute the “seed data” around which to build this public infrastructure. The number of early participants must be large enough to form a critical mass of sorts.
This might be where national intermediaries (42:59) come in. One beautiful example of a public dataset curated by the public sector is the USDA‘s Food Composition Databases Nation states and their political subdivisions would do well to expand such data projects and add new ones. This may come as a surprise to long-time readers of the present blog. Suffice it to say that my political attitudes have shifted somewhat over the last few years. For example, antinationalism has replaced antistatism as the central pillar of my worldview. I’ve also become more tolerant of the regulatory aspect of statism as capitalist practices have become more and more indefensible and (apropos the present post) informational leverage becomes more and more concentrated in the commercial sector. It’s become more important to me that the power of business get checked soon than that it gets consigned to the ash heap eventually.
All three do all three of those things and more. There is no major variation in business practices between competitors. The role of competition in capitalism is not to see who can be innovative and come up with something new, in products or in practices. It is a competition to see who milks the business model most aggressively (and there is only one business model per industry).
First and foremost, schools should be independent. Whether they should also be agile is something to consider on a case-by-case basis. Agility is always welcome when it serves independence. Since “agile” is something of a corporate buzzword, if I heard the question “Can schools be agile?” with no other context, my first instinct would be to say “no”. There is too much push to turn education into a means to the end of employability and entrepreneurship and the like. Preserving the idea of learning for its own sake for future generations is of the utmost priority.
- Julius Goat:
- Principles scare the shit out of the GOP, and pragmatism doesn’t. For good reason.
- Martin Tisne
- Data rights should protect privacy, and should account for the fact that privacy is not a reactive right to shield oneself from society. It is about freedom to develop the self away from commerce and away from governmental control.
- Fabiana Cecin:
- You want to believe you live in a world where people are rational and intelligent, but unfortunately people are more like insects who respond to “incentives,” i.e. rule by various forms of external power they don’t understand.
- James Fillmore:
- A thing I’ve seen more times than I care to count is the person who used to be concerned with injustice and wasn’t once they got rich. Invariably this is described by them as some form of hard-nosed realism; “I realized how the world works” or “I grew up.” Often seasoned with a pinch of cynicism; you can’t change human nature.
- Dale Carrico:
- The lies of the futurists are exposed in mainstream media publications on sn hourly basis these days now that “the singularity” turns out to have been the stupid refeudalization of the postwar economy while we were distracted by the spectacle of Jeff Bezos re-inventing the Sears catalogue and google/facebook turning cyberspace, “Home of Mind,” back into broadcast television.
- The Libertarian dream of private ownership of everything is becoming disgustingly true
- Anyways I didn’t have the necessary experience for an entry level position to gain the necessary experience for an entry level position
The unfortunately popular agenda of steering both resources and students from academic to vocational learning is all kinds of problematic. We need to fight the assumption that those are mutually exclusive choices. I see no reason very large numbers of people can’t have both liberal arts degrees and journeyperson cards. Life expectancy is more ample than it used to be, and so is GDP. The larger the portion of the population that is leading the examined life, the better quality of life will be for all of us, I’m quite sure.
This series of essays shall cover one of the most depressing topics I’ve ever written about: fascism. The truth is, I’ve been writing and rewriting “the fascism essay” for almost two years. I’ve worked on one version or iteration, polished a bit… only to decide not to publish it. It’s such a dreary, demoralizing subject.
When fascism descends, one is faced with a fight– probably a losing fight– that a person of conscience still owes the world to fight.
I promise that this series will not focus on Donald Trump. It would be a mistake to conflate him with the more general fascist threat. More than he is a fascist, he’s an opportunist. Inevitably, someone would have tried what he did. Perhaps we are lucky. For reasons that will be discussed later on, he is quite ineffective when it comes to fascism. He has damaged this country, and he will…
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